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Our Fiery girl

Eastern Brown Snake

The Eastern Brown is one of the species we keep and breed here at Nature For You. All of our Eastern Browns have attitude. This girl in particular. Her name is Firecracker and she always lives up to her name. Below is how we care for our Eastern Browns.

The Eastern Brown Snake is not a species of snake that should be kept be

novice elapid keepers. This is because of the toxicity of the venom combined

with the speed and agility of the snake. We at Nature 4 You do not endorse the

keeping of venomous snakes without suitable experience.

A single Eastern Brown Snake needs a cage about 600mm wide X 1200mm Long X 400mm High. The housing of juveniles is best done by housing them in Plastic click clack style enclosures with ventilation holes either drilled or melted with a soldiering iron. Plastic tubs are often utilized for small snakes as they are cheap, easy to clean and seal very well. This is important as a small snake is able to escape through very small gaps, which are often present in timber enclosures. Juveniles can be kept in smaller conditions but should be kept by themselves. This plastic tub can be placed inside the larger enclosure if your heating is set up ready to go there. The cage can have a variety of substrates ranging from gravel (not recommended) to newspaper. We personally use either a kitty Litter made of recycled paper – it helps absorb some of the clumping “deposits” that the elapids usually like to smear from one end of their enclosure to the other or butcher's paper as its easily cleaned. Other effective substrates include fake grass, newspaper and paper towel. If using fake grass you should have 2 pieces cut to size. So when one gets soiled the other can be put in while other gets cleaned and is out drying.

Eastern brown snakes need cover in which they can hide...this can be provided by a hollow log, commercially bought hide or a rock near the back wall, leaf litter

and other things like a flower pot cut in half etc. They will utilize just about anything. At least one hide should be in the warm end and one in the cool end of the cage. The use of trap boxes is an excellent idea with this species. The cage also needs to be well ventilated; a series of cupboard vents. Cut into both the front and back work well allowing the air to flow though. The water bowl should large enough for the snake to soak in. With all our larger snakes we find kitty litter trays are the easiest thing to source and use for a large water bowl. This should be situated in the cool end of the cage. The cage should be cleaned out at least once a week to prevent the build-up of germs, algae etc.However, traces of faeces and urine should be cleaned as soon as it’s noticed.

All heating should be placed at one end of the cage and controlled by a thermostat. This creates a thermal gradient. This is vital for the survival of the occupants as if the cage is either too hot or to cool the snake has a place to retreat to. Ways of heating include a 40-watt coloured light bulb(s) placed at one end of the cage connected to a thermostat. A heat mat at one end or both the light bulb and the heat mat. Excessive heat will kill your snake

very quickly, Any light globes inside the enclosure should be placed in such a way that the snake is unable to come in contact with them, a mesh type globe cover is ideal as it prevents the snake coming in direct contact with the globe but the allows the heat generated from the light to escape. Heat cord or heat mats under the enclosure are other ways to heat the cage effectively. Ideal temperatures for the Eastern Brown Snake are about 32 degrees Celsius at the warm end of the cage and 26 degrees at the cool end of the cage. If heating the cage with a globe set up, the cage must have dark coloured globes

such as green or blue. This will then not interrupt its photoperiod. The Eastern Brown Snake is mainly diurnal (active during the day). Thus the photoperiod of 14 hours light to 8 dark in summer and 12 hours light and 12 dark in winter is acceptable.

Cooling allows for the males sperm to be produced and the in the females ova to

be made. The temperature of cooling should drop to about room temperature. However this

drop should not be sudden, by turning on the heat for 4 hours in the morning for 4 weeks either side of the cooling period (1-month) this will allow the snake to gently go into torpor. (In Australia most reptiles don't truly go into hibernation.)

Your snake should be feeding on mice or small rats. The size of the prey item and the amount of them is dependent on the snake in question. As juveniles, they should be fed weekly, but once at adult size this can be reduced to once every fortnight. Juvenile brown snakes eat skinks in the wild, so scenting might be needed to get the juveniles to eat. A suitable fed for the snake is a meal that will cause a slight bulge in the snake’s mid

body. Food should generally not be offered while the snake is coming into or having a


Eastern Browns are oviparous (egg laying) the clutch that can vary from 6 to 28

eggs with an average clutch of about 15 eggs. These take about 50 days to

hatch when incubated at 30 degrees Celsius.

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